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Summary. “Deep ecology” is a concept that was forged by Norwegian ecologist and philosopher Arne Naess in Forty years later, this. To understand what Arne Naess means by deep ecology it helps to imagine this For Arne Naess, ecological science, concerned with facts and logic alone. ophers: the Norwegian Arne Naess, the Americans. George Sessions and David Rothenberg, and the Austral- ian Warwick Fox. Deep Ecology is inextricably.

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The flourishing of nonhuman life requires such a decrease. Deep ecology is criticised for its claim to being deeper than alternative theories, which by implication are shallow. Article index Lists Portal. As a consequence, civilization is causing mass extinction.

Basic Principles of Deep Ecology | The Anarchist Library

In recognizing the principle that all living beings have intrinsic worth, there is an acknowledgement that they are good for their own sake. Deep ecology takes a more holistic view of the world human beings live in and seeks to apply to life the understanding that the edep parts of the ecosystem including humans function as a whole.

While industrial culture has represented itself as the only acceptable model for development, its monocultures feep cultural and biological diversity in the name of human convenience and profit.

Deep ecology is criticised for its claim to zrne deeper than alternative theories, which by implication are shallow. Macy, working as an anti-nuclear activist in the USA, found that one of the major impediments confronting the activists’ cause was the presence of unresolved emotions of despair, grief, sorrow, anger and rage.

Likewise deep ecology brought the whole of nature under moral consideration. Deep ecology is a somewhat recent branch of ecological philosophy ecosophy that considers humankind as an integral part of its environment. Some critics, particularly social ecologist Murray Bookchinhave interpreted deep ecology as being hateful toward humanitydue in part to the are of humanity by some deep ecologists, such as David Foreman of Earth First!


A process of self-realisation or “re-earthing” is used for an individual to intuitively gain naes ecocentric perspective. Human beinga culture-bearing primate classified in the genus Homoespecially the species H.

The Long-Ranged Deep Ecology Movement and Arne Naess | Drengson | Trumpeter

This is partly because the emphasis on Self-realization logically entails exploration of all levels of awareness, from the prepersonal sentient and reactiveto the personal cognitive and deliberative to the transpersonal wise and responsive.

Some critics of deep ecology claim that the movement is based on mysticism and that it appears to be more of a religion than a rational approach to environmental matters.

They were also doing the work of philosophers, laying the foundations for the Age of Ecology and a new ecological worldview to replace the anthropocentric, mastery of Nature, and modernist worldview arising zrne the aren and 18th centuries. Nevertheless, they share commitment to ending the environmental crisis through deep changes; they know that we cannot go on with business-as-usual.

Barnard Rynn Berry T. Present human interference with the nonhuman world is excessive, and the situation is rapidly worsening.

The phrase originated in with Norwegian philosopher Arne Naesswho, along with American environmentalist George Sessionsdeveloped a platform of eight organizing principles for the deep ecology social movement. Followers of the Deep Ecology Movement share a principle commitment to honor diversity and richness and the inherent worth of all beings. Ecotheology Environmental theology Religion and environmentalism Spiritual ecology Stewardship.

Trumpeter (1992)

Richness and diversity of life forms contribute to the realization of these values and are also values in themselves. Within the vast diversity of living beings, there are complex relationships the range of which is predation, competition, cooperation, and symbiosis.

Choose Language Javascript is required to use this eclogy translatorfree translator. Those who subscribe to the foregoing points have an obligation directly or indirectly to participate in the attempt to implement the necessary changes.

Anthrozoology Ecomusicology Environmental communication Environmental education adult arts-based Environmental history Environmental interpretation Environmental journalism Environmental law Outdoor education Psychogeography Thematic interpretation.


Retrieved 12 May Deep ecology distinguishes itself from other types of environmentalism by making broader and more basic philosophical claims about metaphysicsepistemology, and social justice.

The second principle presupposes that life itself, as a process over evolutionary time, implies an increase of diversity and richness. In so many ways Arne has led in this journey. The ideological change is mainly that of appreciating life quality rather than adhering to an increasingly ecollgy standard of living. Experiential learning and critical pedagogy are central to providing opportunities for learners to engage in transformative sustainability learning.

The Deep Ecology Platform

However despite repeated complaints about use of the term it still enjoys wide currency; deep evidently has an attractive resonance for many who seek to establish a new ethical framework for guiding human action with respect to the natural world. The resulting state of affairs will be deeply different from the present.

Close Table of Contents. David Levine, ed Ecofeminist response Both ecofeminism and deep ecology put forward a new conceptualization of the self. A Challenge for the Ecology Movement”.

Humans have modified the earth and will probably continue to do so. The central spiritual tenet of deep ecology is that the human species is a part evology the Earth and not separate from it. Bookchin’s second major criticism is that deep ecology fails to link environmental crises with authoritarianism and hierarchy.

Deep ecologists welcome the labels “Gaian” and “Green” including the broader political implications of this term, e. This way of thinking, experiencing, and acting in the world through extension of identification, expansion of care, and transcendence of ego, is a deepening, transformative, developmental process.